By Dr. Siddharth Shete

Allergic conjunctivitis or seasonal conjunctivitis is caused by allergens (substances that cause allergies).Most commonly occurs in children and during the summer months.

 Causes: The possible allergens that lead to allergic conjunctivitis are

  • Smoke
  • Dust
  • Pollens
  • Animal hair and feathers

Symptoms:

  • Redness in the white of the eye and inner side of the eyelid
  • Irritation
  • Increased amount of tears
  • Itching of the eyes
  • Ropy discharge from the eyes

Do’s and Don’ts:

  • Avoid exposure to dust
  • Contact lenses which are worn must be removed
  • For protection, plain glass can be worn outdoors
  • Hands and eyes must be often washed.
  • Use icepacks on eyelids to reduce itching.
  • Touching or rubbing the affected eyes must be avoided.

Treatment for allergic eye disease is in the form of anti-allergy drops, lubricating drops and in some cases with steroid eye drops.

Steroid eye drops may be used after consulting and under the strict supervision of a registered eye doctor.

Self-medication with steroids may cause cataract formation and/or elevation in the pressure of the eye which may result in glaucoma and eventually irreparable vision loss.

In most of the cases, this disease does not cause vision impairment. This is a chronic disease. So, self-medication should be avoided. Powerful medicines, though sometimes give immediate relief, should not be used without the advice of a doctor, since they will cause vision threatening side effect.