As cataract progresses, it affects a person’s ability to do normal everyday tasks. Surgery is the best and only option that is available. Cataract surgery involves removing the opaque lens of the eye and replacing it with a transparent artificial lens.
Normally in cataract surgery, two approaches are considered:
Micro-incision cataract surgery involves making an incision in the side of the cornea (the clear outer covering of the eye) and inserting a tiny probe into the eye. The probe emits ultrasound waves that soften and break up the lens so it can be suctioned out. This process is called phacoemulsification.
Manual SICS requires a somewhat larger incision in the cornea so that the lens core can be removed in one piece. The natural lens is replaced by a clear plastic lens called an intraocular lens (IOL). When implanting an IOL is not possible because of other eye problems, contact lenses and, in some cases, eyeglasses may be an option for vision correction.
Post-operative care after cataract surgery:
You will be permitted to go home within two hours after cataract surgery. You may go home and rest. The procedure for eye drops are explained to you one the discharge from the center.
There is no diet restriction.
Playing with children is to be avoided for a few days so as to avoid any kind of eye injury.
Do not rub the eye with hand or handkerchiefs. Use only tissues which can be used and thrown away so as to avoid infections.
Head bath is permitted after 3 days of surgery.
If the eyes need to be kept clean after surgery, they should be wiped with cotton dipped in boiled and cooled water.
Hands should be washed with soap and water before putting the eye drops.
All activities at home are allowed after 2 days, including reading, writing, watching TV, Cooking and taking an evening walk in non-crowded areas.
Onkar H. Pirdankar M.Optom, M.S. (Vision Science) Mr. Onkar Pirdankar is associated with Isha Netralaya as Consultant Low Vision Care. He completed his post graduation with majoring in Low Vision in 2010 from Lotus
Dr. Aditi Nair MBBS, DNB(ophthal), FRCS(Glasgow), FAEH(Glaucoma) Dr. Aditi Nair is a MBBS from Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS,Nashik). She then completed her DNB in Ophthalmology and subsequently
Dr. Lomesh Patil MS, DNB, FICO, FCRS Dr. Lomesh Patil graduated from Pravara Medical College, Loni, Maharashtra. He completed his M.S ophthalmology from government medical college, Dibrugarh, Assam. He did his
Dr. Amit .S. Nene MBBS, MS, DNB, FICO, FVRS Dr. Amit Shriram Nene completed his basic medical education (MBBS) from Pravara Institute of medical science , Loni with a gold medal and post graduate training (MS) from
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