Keratoconus is a progressive disorder of unknown cause that typically starts during adolescence. It is usually an inherited corneal disorder which means that approximately 50% of family members may have it. Normal pressure within the eye causes the cornea to bulge forward into an irregular cone shape.
A new non-surgical, non-invasive treatment, based on collagen cross-linking with Ultraviolet A (UVA, 365nm) and riboflavin (Vitamin B 2), a photosensitizing agent is now available. This changes the intrinsic biomechanical properties of the cornea, increasing its mechanical strength. This increase in corneal strength has shown to arrest the progression of keratoconus.
The treatment is performed in operation theatre under completely sterile conditions. Usually, one eye is treated in one sitting. The treatment is performed using anesthetic eye drops. The surface of the eye (cornea) is treated with application of Riboflavin eye drops for 30 minutes. The eye is then exposed to UVA light for 30 minutes. Hence, the treatment takes about an hour per eye. After the treatment, antibiotic eye drops are applied; a bandage contact lens may be applied, which will be removed during the follow-up visit.
However one needs to understand that Collagen cross-linking treatment is not a cure for keratoconus, rather, it aims to slow the progression of the condition. However, following the cross-linking treatment, it makes the patient more comfortable to wear contact lens. The main aim of this treatment is to arrest progression of keratoconus, and thereby prevent further deterioration in vision and the need for corneal transplantation.
DR. AMIT . S . NENE MBBS, MS, MRCS,DNB, FICO, FVRS Dr. Amit Shriram Nene, a gold medalist, is associated with Isha Netralaya as Uveitis and Vitreo Retinal Surgeon. He is one of the busiest retinal surgeon at Isha
Dr.Siddharth Sheth DNB,FICO,FMRF,MRCSEd,FRCSGlasgow Dr. Siddharth Sheth is a meritorious doctor who has post graduation in ophthalmology from prestigious Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai. He also did super specialization
Dr. Akash D. Shah After completing post graduation in Ophthalmology with a Gold medal, Dr. Akash D. Shah did his long term fellowship in Orbit, Oculoplasty and Oncology from Aravind Eye Hospital, followed by ICO
Onkar H. Pirdankar M.Optom, M.S. (Vision Science) Mr. Onkar Pirdankar is associated with Isha Netralaya as Consultant Low Vision Care. He completed his post graduation with majoring in Low Vision in 2010 from Lotus
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